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The impact of Replacement Conventional Dentures on Eating Experience

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Hassan Al-Sultani, Dr James Field, Dr Jeremy Thomason, Professor Paula Moynihan


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Objectives: To determine the magnitude of change in Eating Related Quality of Life (ERQoL) before and after conventional complete denture replacement.Methods: Patients attending for new replacement dentures were recruited from the Dental Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, and asked to complete a self-administrated Emotional and Social Issues Related to Eating (ESIRE) questionnaire before and after the provision of new dentures. The ESIRE questionnaire includes multiple domains around social, emotional and practical issues about eating (i.e., enjoyment of food/eating, self-consciousness/embarrassment, interruption to meals, confidence when eating, time for eating or preparation of meals, and functional ability to eat). Paired t-test was used to determine any change in the scores of each domain, in addition to the total ESIRE score, which can range from 0 (poor) to 100 (excellent). The effect size was calculated by measuring Cohen’s d for each domain, in addition to the total scores.Results: Fifty participants aged 52-85 years (mean age, 72 years), 21 males (42%), and 29 females (58%) completed the study. A highly statistically significant improvement in the total ESIRE scores was found, +20.3 (±23.3), p=0.0001. In addition, all domains of the ESIRE questionnaire showed significant improvements; enjoyment of food/ eating; +27.3 (±25.6), p=0.0001, self-consciousness/ embarrassment; +18.1 (±27.4), p=0.0001, interruption to meals; +13.3 (±36.9), p=0.015, confidence when eating; +18.7 (±34.2),p=0.0001, time for eating or preparation of meals; +18.4 (±34.3), p=0.0001), and functional ability to eat; +18.2 (±26.0), p=0.0001). Cohen’s d was large (0.951) for the total score, and ranged from medium (0.369) for the domain relating to ‘interruption to meals’ to large (1.298) for the domain relating to ‘enjoyment of eating’.Conclusions: The ESIRE questionnaire is a sensitive instrument to determine clinically meaningful change in ERQoL after denture replacement, and this was reflected by mean and effect size values. Denture replacement can directly improve ERQoL.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Al-Sultani H, Field J, Thomason J, Moynihan P

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: IADR/AADR/CADR General Session 2017

Year of Conference: 2016

Acceptance date: 26/01/2017