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Mechanism of Histone H3K4me3 Recognition by the Plant Homeodomain of Inhibitor of Growth 3

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Urszula McClurg, Dr Olivier Binda, Professor Craig Robson

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

Aberrant access to genetic information disrupts cellular homeostasis and can lead to cancer development. One molecular mechanism that regulates access to genetic information includes recognition of histone modifications, which is carried out by protein modules that interact with chromatin and serve as landing pads for enzymatic activities that regulate gene expression. The ING3 tumor suppressor protein contains a plant homeodomain (PHD) that reads the epigenetic code via recognition of histone H3 tri-methylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me3), and this domain is lost or mutated in various human cancers. However, the molecular mechanisms targeting ING3 to histones and the role of this interaction in the cell remain elusive. Thus, we employed biochemical and structural biology approaches to investigate the interaction of the ING3 PHD finger (ING3(PHD)) with the active transcription mark H3K4me3. Our results demonstrate that association of the ING3(PHD) with H3K4me3 is in the sub-micromolar range (K-D ranging between 0.63 and 0.93 m) and is about 200-fold stronger than with the unmodified histone H3. NMR and computational studies revealed an aromatic cage composed of Tyr-362, Ser-369, and Trp-385 that accommodate the tri-methylated side chain of H3K4. Mutational analysis confirmed the critical importance of Tyr-362 and Trp-385 in mediating the ING3(PHD)-H3K4me3 interaction. Finally, the biological relevance of ING3(PHD)-H3K4me3 binding was demonstrated by the failure of ING3(PHD) mutant proteins to enhance ING3-mediated DNA damage-dependent cell death. Together, our results reveal the molecular mechanism of H3K4me3 selection by the ING3(PHD) and suggest that this interaction is important for mediating ING3 tumor suppressive activities.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Kim S, Natesan S, Cornilescu G, Carlson S, Tonelli M, McClurg UL, Binda O, Robson CN, Markley JL, Balaz S, Glass KC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry

Year: 2016

Volume: 291

Issue: 35

Pages: 18326-18341

Print publication date: 26/08/2016

Online publication date: 08/06/2016

Acceptance date: 02/04/2016

Date deposited: 25/10/2016

ISSN (print): 0021-9258

ISSN (electronic): 1083-351X

Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.690651

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.690651


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