Lookup NU author(s): Dr Claire Rind,
Dr Julieta Sztarker
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
In locusts, two lobula giant movement detector neurons (LGMDs) act as looming object detectors. Their reproducible responses to looming and their ethological significance makes them models for single neuron computation. But there is no comprehensive picture of the neurons that connect directly to each LGMD. We used high-through-put serial block-face scanning-electron-microscopy to reconstruct the network of input-synapses onto the LGMDs over spatial scales ranging from single synapses and small circuits, up to dendritic branches and total excitatory input. Reconstructions reveal that many trans-medullary-afferents (TmAs) connect the eye with each LGMD, one TmA per facet per LGMD. But when a TmA synapses with an LGMD it also connects laterally with another TmA. These inter-TmA synapses are always reciprocal. Total excitatory input to the LGMD 1 and 2 comes from 131,000 and 186,000 synapses reaching densities of 3.1 and 2.6 synapses per mu m(2) respectively. We explored the computational consequences of reciprocal synapses between each TmA and 6 others from neighbouring columns. Since any lateral interactions between LGMD inputs have always been inhibitory we may assume these reciprocal lateral connections are most likely inhibitory. Such reciprocal inhibitory synapses increased the LGMD's selectivity for looming over passing objects, particularly at the beginning of object approach.
Author(s): Rind FC, Wernitznig S, Polt P, Zankel A, Gutl D, Sztarker J, Leitinger G
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Scientific Reports
Online publication date: 24/10/2016
Acceptance date: 26/09/2016
Date deposited: 07/12/2016
ISSN (electronic): 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
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