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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Stephanie Lai,
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Background: A previous study (Gauntlett-Gilbert and Kuipers, 2005) has suggested that distress associated with complex visual hallucinations (CVHs) in younger adults with psychosis may more strongly relate to appraisals of meaning than to the content of the hallucination. However, visual hallucinations are most commonly seen in the disorders of later life, where this relationship has not been investigated. Aim: To establish if there is a relationship between appraisals of CVHs and distress in older, non-psychotic people with CVHs. Method: All variables were measured using a semi-structured interview and were compared between a high distress group (n = 16) and a low distress group (n = 19). Results: The high distress group rated their hallucinations as more malevolent and omnipotent, with greater negative implications for physical and mental health. There was no significant difference between groups on ratings of hallucination content (independently rated), frequency, awareness or control. Conclusion: Appraisals of CVHs are linked to distress.
Author(s): Lai S, Bruce V, Collerton D
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Print publication date: 01/11/2016
Online publication date: 04/11/2016
Acceptance date: 02/04/2016
ISSN (print): 1352-4658
ISSN (electronic): 1469-1833
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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