Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Microarray expression profiling identifies genes, including cytokines, and biofunctions, as diapedesis, associated with a brain metastasis from a papillary thyroid carcinoma

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sherin Bakhashab, Dr Jolanta Weaver



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Brain metastatic papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) are afflicted with unfavorable prognosis; however, the underlying molecular genetics of these rare metastases are virtually unknown. In this study, we compared whole transcript microarray expression profiles of a BRAF mutant, brain metastasis from a PTC, including its technical replicate (TR), with eight non-brain metastatic PTCs and eight primary brain tumors. The top 95 probe sets (false discovery rate (FDR) p-value < 0.05 and fold change (FC) > 2) that were differentially expressed between the brain metastatic PTC, including the TR, and both, non-brain metastatic PTCs and primary brain tumors were in the vast majority upregulated and comprise, e.g. ROS1, MYBPH, SLC18A3, HP, SAA2-SAA4, CP, CCL20, GFAP, RNU1-120P, DMBT1, XDH, CXCL1, PI3, and NAPSA. Cytokines were represented by 10 members in the top 95 probe sets. Pathway and network analysis (p-value < 0.05 and FC > 2) identified granulocytes adhesion and diapedesis as top canonical pathway. Most significant upstream regulators were lipopolysaccharide, TNF, NKkB (complex), IL1A, and CSF2. Top networks categorized under diseases & functions were entitled migration of cells, cell movement, cell survival, apoptosis, and proliferation of cells. Probe sets that were significantly shared between the brain metastatic PTC, the TR, and primary brain tumors include CASP1, CASP4, C1R, CC2D2B, RNY1P16, WDR72, LRRC2, ZHX2, CITED1, and the noncoding transcript AK128523. Taken together, this study identified a set of candidate genes and biofunctions implicated in, so far nearly uncharacterized, molecular processes of a brain metastasis from a PTC.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Schulten HJ, Hussein D, Al-Adwani F, Karim S, Al-Maghrabi J, Al-Sharif M, Jamal A, Bakhashab S, Weaver J, Al-Ghamdi F, Baeesa SS, Bangash M, Chaudhary A, Al-Qahtani M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: American Journal of Cancer Research

Year: 2016

Volume: 6

Issue: 10

Pages: 2140-2161

Print publication date: 15/10/2016

Online publication date: 01/10/2016

Acceptance date: 23/09/2016

Date deposited: 17/01/2017

ISSN (electronic): 2156-6976

Publisher: E-Century Publishing Corporation



Funder referenceFunder name
13-CIPM-07KACST Technology Innovation Center in Personalized Medicine
AT-32-98King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST)