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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Darci Rush,
Dr Kate Osborne,
Dr Helen Talbot
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Aerobic methane oxidation (AMO) is one of the primary biologic pathways regulating the amount of methane (CH4) released into the environment. AMO acts as a sink of CH4, converting it into carbon dioxide before it reaches the atmosphere. It is of interest for (paleo) climate and carbon cycling studies to identify lipid biomarkers that can be used to trace AMO events, especially at times when the role of methane in the carbon cycle was more pronounced than today. AMO bacteria are known to synthesise bacteriohopanepolyol (BHP) lipids. Preliminary evidence pointed towards 35-aminobacteriohopane-30,31,32,33,34-pentol (aminopentol) being a characteristic biomarker for Type I methanotrophs. Here, the BHP compositions were examined for species of the recently described novel Type I methanotroph bacterial genera Methylomarinum and Methylomarinovum, as well as for a novel species of a Type I Methylomicrobium. Aminopentol was the most abundant BHP only in Methylomarinovum caldicuralii, while Methylomicrobium did not produce aminopentol at all. In addition to the expected regular aminotriol and aminotetrol BHPs, novel structures tentatively identified as methylcarbamate lipids related to C-35 amino-BHPs (MCBHPs) were found to be synthesised in significant amounts by some AMO cultures. Subsequently, sediments and authigenic carbonates from methane-influenced marine environments were analysed. Most samples also did not contain significant amounts of aminopentol, indicating that aminopentol is not a useful biomarker for marine aerobic methanotophic bacteria. However, the BHP composition of the marine samples do point toward the novel MC-BHPs components being potential new biomarkers for AMO.
Author(s): Rush D, Osborne KA, Birgel D, Kappler A, Hirayama H, Peckmann J, Poulton SW, Nickel JC, Mangelsdorf K, Kalyuzhnaya M, Sidgwick FR, Talbot HM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: PLoS One
Online publication date: 08/11/2016
Acceptance date: 15/10/2016
Date deposited: 20/12/2016
ISSN (electronic): 1932-6203
Publisher: Public Library of Science
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