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An 8-year longitudinal analysis of UK ophthalmic publication rates

Lookup NU author(s): Arthur Okonkwo, Dr Jeffry Hogg, Professor Francisco FigueiredoORCiD


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Purpose 44.5% of abstracts presented at biomedical conferences are published. 26.5% of abstracts presented are basic science. The 2005 Walport Report reformed clinical academic training in the United Kingdom (UK) to promote trainee research. This study aims to analyse UK Ophthalmology research output following the reconstruction of clinical academic training.Patients and Methods 1862 abstracts presented at The Royal College of Ophthalmologists' (RCOphth) Annual Congress from May 2005-May 2012 were examined using PubMed. Publication trends were analysed using SPSS v22 (IBM), using Spearman's rank coefficient and Mann-Whitney U test.Results 44 (2.4%) abstracts were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 88 (4.7%) basic science, and 231 (12.4%) oral presentations. 486 (26.6%) abstracts were published to a mean impact factor (IF) of 2.39 (95% CI 2.21-2.57). Mean time to publication from presentation was 15.17 (13.88-16.48) months, negatively correlating with IF (r = -0.149, P<0.003). Oral presentation (P<0.0001), RCTs (P=0.002), and basic science (P<0.0001) abstracts all made publication significantly more likely, with hazard ratios of 2.63 (2.13-2.24), 2.07 (1.3-3.2), and 1.92 (1.41-2.59), respectively. Higher IF was associated with oral presentation (3.4 vs 2.16, P<0.0001), basic science (3.57 vs 2.35, P<0.0001), and RCTs (4.78 vs 2.38, P=0.002). No significant change in publication rate was seen across the 8 years (P=0.61).Conclusion The proportion of basic science and total abstracts published that are presented at the RCOphth is lower than that in other biomedical conferences. RCTs, basic science abstracts, and oral presentations are more likely to be published. There was no improvement in publication rates following the 2005 Walport Report.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Okonkwo ACO, Hogg HDJ, Figueiredo FC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Eye

Year: 2016

Volume: 30

Issue: 11

Pages: 1433-1438

Print publication date: 01/11/2016

Online publication date: 15/07/2016

Acceptance date: 06/06/2016

ISSN (print): 0950-222X

ISSN (electronic): 1476-5454

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group


DOI: 10.1038/eye.2016.138


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