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Saccharothrix isguenensis sp nov., an actinobacterium isolated from desert soil

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Hans-Peter Klenk

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Abstract

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated MB27(T), was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected in Mzab region (Ghardaia province, South Algeria). Strain MB27(T) was characterized following a polyphasic taxonomic approach. This strain produced a branched and fragmented substrate mycelium, which was found to have a yellowish orange colour. A white scanty aerial mycelium was produced on most media tested. Chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies clearly demonstrated that strain MB27(T) belongs to the family Pseudonocardiaceae and is closely related to the genus Saccharothrix. Cell-wall hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid but not glycine, and whole-cell hydrolysates contained galactose, glucose, ribose and small amounts of mannose and rhamnose. The detected phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. Mycolic acids were not detected while the predominant fatty acid was iso-branched hexadecanoate (iso-C-16:0). The major menaquinone was MK-9(H-4). Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain MB27(T) shairs the highest degree of similarity with Saccharothrix ecbatanensis DSM 45486(T) (99.8%), Saccharothrix hoggarensis DSM 45457(T) (99.3 %), Saccharothrix longispora DSM 43749(T) (98.6 %) and Saccharothrix yanglingensis DSM 45665(T) (98.6 %). However, it exhibited only 11-42% DNA-DNA relatedness to the neighbouring Saccharothrix species. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and DNA-DNA hybridization, strain MB27(T) is shown to represent a novel species of the genus Saccharothrix, for which the name Saccharothrix isguenensis sp. nov. (type strain MB27(T) = DSM 46885(T) = CECT 9045(T)) is proposed.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Bouznada K, Bouras N, Mokrane S, Chaouch FC, Zitouni A, Potter G, Sproer C, Klenk HP, Sabaou N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Year: 2016

Volume: 66

Pages: 4785-4790

Print publication date: 01/11/2016

Acceptance date: 16/08/2016

ISSN (print): 1466-5026

ISSN (electronic): 1466-5034

Publisher: Microbiology Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.001430

DOI: 10.1099/ijsem.0.001430


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