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Particle dynamics in avalanche flow of irregular sand particles in the slumping regime of a rotating drum

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Vladimir Zivkovic



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Slowly rotating drums are important due to their industrial application, but also as a simple model system for studying transient avalanche processes. A speckle visibility spectroscopy (SVS) alongside a simple imaging technique was used to measure the time-resolved avalanching of 1.3 mm diameter sand particles in a 35% full rotating drum operating in the slumping regime. The major difference from spherical particle dynamics is visual observation of granular compaction in the upper part of the drum at the beginning of the avalanching process which is not present in experiments with spherical particles. The SVS measurement of avalanching shows that the fluctuation velocity, so called granular temperature, increased sharply before plateauing then decreases sharply to zero during a typical avalanche event which is different to spherical particle behavior where these transitions are more gradual. Furthermore, the granular dynamics of avalanching flow is influenced by a visually observed flowing mound down the avalanching surface so there are more characteristics peaks in plateau region of the signal for measurement point in the lower part of the bed. Overall, the observed plastic deformation is influencing the dynamics of the system in several ways indicating the importance of considering particle shape in the study of granular flow dynamics.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Yang H, Zhang BF, Li R, Zheng G, Zivkovic V

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Powder Technology

Year: 2017

Volume: 311

Pages: 439-448

Print publication date: 15/04/2017

Online publication date: 10/02/2017

Acceptance date: 25/01/2017

Date deposited: 25/01/2017

ISSN (print): 0032-5910

ISSN (electronic): 1873-328X

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2017.01.064


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