Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Geometric distortion of area in medical ultrasound images

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Tom Bland, Professor Nick ParkerORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Medical ultrasound scanners are typically calibrated to a speed of sound corresponding to the soft tissue average of 1540 m s−1. In regions of different sound speed, for example, organs and tumours, the B-mode image becomes geometrically distorted from the true tissue cross-section, due to refraction and the misrepresentation of length. A ray model is developed to predict this distortion for a generalized two-dimensional object with atypical speed of sound, and verified against ultrasound images of a test object. We quantify the areal image distortion as a function of the key dependencies, including the speed of sound mismatch, the scanning format, the object size and its elongation. Our findings show that the distortion of area can be significant, even for relatively small speed of sound mismatches. For example, a 5% speed mismatch typically leads to a 10 – 20% distortion in area. These findings have implications for the accuracy of ultrasound-based evaluation of area and volume.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bland T, Tong J, Ward B, Parker NG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Physics Conference Series

Year: 2017

Volume: 797

Pages: 012002

Print publication date: 27/01/2017

Online publication date: 27/01/2017

Acceptance date: 27/01/2017

Date deposited: 27/01/2017

ISSN (print): 1742-6588

ISSN (electronic): 1742-6596

Publisher: Institute of Physics


DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/797/1/012002


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric