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This divided land: an examination of regional inequalities in exposure to brownfield land and the association with morbidity and mortality in England

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Clare BambraORCiD, Dr Jo Cairns, Dr Alison Copeland



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


This paper is the first empirical examination of the association between brownfield land and spatial inequalities in health. Linear mixed modelling of ward-level data suggests that there is higher exposure and susceptibility to brownfield land in the Northern compared to the Southern regions (with the exception of London); that brownfield exposure has an association with regional inequalities in mortality and morbidity within regions (particularly in the North West); that brownfield has an association with inequalities between regions (particularly between the North West and the South East); but that brownfield land only makes a small independent contribution to the North–South health divide in England. However, brownfield land could be a potentially important and previously overlooked independent environmental determinant of spatial inequalities in health in England.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bambra C, Cairns J, Kasim A, Smith J, Robertson S, Copeland A, Johnson K

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Health & Place

Year: 2015

Volume: 34

Pages: 257-269

Print publication date: 01/07/2015

Online publication date: 20/06/2015

Acceptance date: 19/05/2015

Date deposited: 05/02/2017

ISSN (print): 1353-8292

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2054

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.05.010


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