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Does Cultural Difference Affect Investment Cash flow Sensitivity? Evidence from OECD Countries

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Muhammad Uddin, Professor Darren DuxburyORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Wiley-Blackwell, 2020.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


We investigate the influence of national culture on corporate investment-cash flow sensitivity. We conjecture that national culture shapes managerial perceptions of information asymmetry and agency problems, thus impacting the investment-cash flow relationship. We document empirical evidence in support of our claim. By linking the investment-cash flow sensitivity to cultural differences, our findings show that, while collectivism has an attenuating influence, uncertainty avoidance, power distance, and masculinity have a reinforcing effect on the relationship between cash flow and investment. Our results hold for a sample of 205,268 firm-years across 24 OECD countries between 1990 and 2017 and are robust after accounting for alternative statistical approaches, sample compositions, and measures of cultural dimensions, along with controls for institutional and governmental factors. In addition, by decomposing cash flow into uses and sources of funds in a dynamic multi-equation model, where firms make financing and investment decisions jointly subject to the constraint that sources must equal uses of cash, we find that national culture shapes how firms react to changes in cash flow.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kashefi-Pour E, Amini S, Uddin M, Duxbury D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Management

Year: 2020

Volume: 31

Issue: 3

Pages: 636-658

Print publication date: 01/07/2020

Online publication date: 28/02/2020

Acceptance date: 03/01/2020

Date deposited: 08/01/2020

ISSN (print): 1045-3172

ISSN (electronic): 1467-8551

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


DOI: 10.1111/1467-8551.12394


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