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Reconstruction of the forehead acoustic properties in an Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis), with investigation on the responses of soft tissue sound velocity to temperature

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Per Berggren



Computed tomography (CT) imaging and ultrasound experimental measurements were combined to reconstruct the acoustic properties (density, velocity, and impedance) of the head from a deceased Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis). The authors extracted 42 soft forehead tissue samples to estimate the sound velocity and density properties at room temperature, 25.0 °C. Hounsfield Units (HUs) of the samples were read from CT scans. Linear relationships between the tissues' HUs and velocity, and HUs and density were revealed through regression analyses. The distributions of the head acoustic properties at axial, coronal, and sagittal cross sections were reconstructed, suggesting that the forehead soft tissues were characterized by low-velocity in the melon, high-velocity in the muscle and connective tissues. Further, the sound velocities of melon, muscle, and connective tissue pieces were measured under different temperatures to investigate tissues' velocity response to temperature. The results demonstrated nonlinear relationships between tissues' sound velocity and temperature. This study represents a first attempt to provide general information on acoustic properties of this species. The results could provide meaningful information for understanding the species' bioacoustic characteristics and for further investigation on sound beam formation of the dolphin.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Song Z, Zhang Y, Berggren P, Wei C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

Year: 2017

Volume: 141

Issue: 2

Pages: 681-689

Print publication date: 01/02/2017

Online publication date: 01/02/2017

Acceptance date: 11/01/2017

Date deposited: 30/04/2017

ISSN (print): 0001-4966

ISSN (electronic): 1520-8524

Publisher: AIP Publishing LLC


DOI: 10.1121/1.4974861


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