Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints


Lookup NU author(s): Sean Carrie


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.Epistaxis is extremely common and usually managed with simple first aid measures in the community. However it can also present with life-threatening haemorrhage which requires appropriate resuscitation and arrest of the bleeding. Of those patients presenting to local emergency services, knowledge of the assessment and management of epistaxis are essential. Epistaxis is classified as primary epistaxis, where no cause can be found or secondary epistaxis where there is a defined cause. It is also described in terms of the site of bleeding. Anterior bleeding from the nasal septum is found in 90% of cases and can be controlled with simple first aid measures or nasal packing and/or cautery. Posterior bleeding is more dramatic and may require a surgical procedure or radiological guided embolization. Many patients, particularly the elderly have associated co-morbidities and medications that need to be addressed along with the standard treatment. This article discusses the assessment and appropriate management of patients with epistaxis and their associated morbidities.

Publication metadata

Author(s): McLarnon CM, Carrie S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Surgery (Oxford)

Year: 2015

Volume: 33

Issue: 12

Pages: 587-592

Print publication date: 01/12/2015

Online publication date: 01/11/2015

Acceptance date: 01/01/1900

ISSN (print): 0263-9319

ISSN (electronic): 1878-1764

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.mpsur.2015.09.006


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric