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Lookup NU author(s): Margherita Boieri,
Dr Clare Lendrem,
Professor Matthew Collin,
Professor Anne Dickinson
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© 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC NK cells have shown promise in therapy of hematological cancers, in particular against acute myeloid leukemia. In contrast, the more NK cell-resistant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is difficult to treat with NK-cell-based therapies, and we hypothesized that pre-activation of NK cells could overcome this resistance. We show in pediatric and adult patients with T-cell ALL (T-ALL) perturbed NK cell effector functions at diagnosis. Using an in vivo rat model for T-ALL, Roser leukemia (RL), suppressed NK cell effector functions were observed. NK cells from T-ALL patients had reduced expression of the activating receptors NKp46 and DNAM-1, but not NKG2D. In contrast to T-ALL patients, NKG2D but not NKp46 was downregulated on NK cells during rat RL. Decreased frequencies of terminally differentiated NKG2A+CD57−CD56dim NK cells in human T-ALL was paralleled in the rat by reduced frequencies of bone marrow NK cells expressing the maturation marker CD11b, possibly indicating impairment of differentiation during leukemia. RL was highly resistant to autologous NK cells, but this resistance was overcome upon pre-activation of NK cells with IL-12, IL-15, and IL-18, with concomitant upregulation of activation markers and activating receptors. Importantly, adoptive transfers of IL-12, IL-15, and IL-18 pre-activated NK cells significantly slowed progression of RL in vivo. The data thus shows that T-ALL blasts normally resistant to NK cells may be targeted by cytokine pre-activated autologous NK cells, and this approach could have potential implications for immunotherapeutic protocols using NK cells to more efficiently target leukemia.
Author(s): Boieri M, Ulvmoen A, Sudworth A, Lendrem C, Collin M, Dickinson AM, Kveberg L, Inngjerdingen M
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Online publication date: 17/01/2017
Acceptance date: 15/12/2016
ISSN (print): 2162-4011
ISSN (electronic): 2162-402X
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Inc.
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