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Who is the bigger culprit? Studying impacts of traffic and land use on noise levels in CBD area of Karachi, Pakistan

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Anil Namdeo



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


The trend of urbanization has attracted increased attention towards urban areas around the world. Central business districts (CBDs) serve as the core of commercial activities of urban areas and are often associated with high-density population. Noise pollution in urban areas, especially CBDs, is considered as an important issue for planners and policy makers especially with regard to human health. Noise prediction models for CBD area of Karachi, Pakistan, have been developed in this study using land use and traffic parameters. These models show that traffic and built-up space (especially residential land use) contribute positively and vacant space contributes negatively to the noise levels. However, it was found that traffic volume has higher impact, than land use, in terms of on noise levels in CBD area. The models of this research are anticipated to be used for planning of urban CBD areas in other cities where noise levels do not meet international health standards. In addition, they would be useful in calculating the rate of traffic volume associated with residential land use.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Mehdi MR, Arsalan MH, Gazder U, Kim M, Seong JC, Namdeo A, Chang S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environment, Development and Sustainability

Year: 2018

Volume: 20

Issue: 3

Pages: 1421-1438

Print publication date: 01/06/2018

Online publication date: 27/03/2017

Acceptance date: 20/03/2017

Date deposited: 20/04/2017

ISSN (print): 1387-585X

ISSN (electronic): 1573-2975

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s10668-017-9941-9


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