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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Stevin Pramana
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
TiO2 hierarchical nanostructures with secondary growth have been successfully synthesized on electrospun nanofibers via surfactant-free hydrothermal route. The effect of hydrothermal reaction time on the secondary nanostructures has been studied. The synthesized nanostructures comprise electrospun nanofibers which are polycrystalline with anatase phase and have single crystalline, rutile TiO2 nanorod-like structures growing on them. These secondary nanostructures have a preferential growth direction . UV-vis spectroscopy measurements point to better dye loading capability and incident photon to current conversion efficiency spectra show enhanced light harvesting of the synthesized hierarchical structures. Concomitantly, the dye molecules act as spacers between the conduction band electrons of TiO2 and holes in the hole transporting medium, i.e., spiro-OMeTAD and thus enhance open circuit voltage. The charge transport and recombination effects are characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. As a result of improved light harvesting, dye loading, and reduced recombination losses, the hierarchical nanofibers yield 2.14% electrochemical conversion efficiency which is 50% higher than the efficiency obtained by plain nanofibers. © 2014 Sabba et al.; licensee Springer.
Author(s): Sabba D, Agarwala S, Pramana SS, Mhaisalkar S
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Nanoscale Research Letters
Online publication date: 10/01/2014
Acceptance date: 26/12/2013
Date deposited: 06/04/2017
ISSN (print): 1931-7573
ISSN (electronic): 1556-276X
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