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Novel Zn-Sn-O nanocactus with excellent transport properties as photoanode material for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Stevin PramanaORCiD


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A novel chemically stable Zn-Sn-O nanocactus structure has been synthesized for the first time using a hydrothermal method. The Zn-Sn-O nanocactus structure comprises a Zn poor-Zn 2SnO 4 plate and Zn-doped SnO 2 nanothorns growing on the plate, both of which have high electron mobilities. The nanocactus is used as the photoanode of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The overall power conversion efficiency (PCE) for the Zn-Sn-O nanocactus film reaches 2.21%, which is twice the previous reported efficiency of pure SnO 2. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements show that the Zn-Sn-O nanocactus film has a good effective diffusion length and high intrinsic electron mobility. After TiCl 4 treatment of the Zn-Sn-O nanocactus film, the current density increases nearly three times and the PCE increases to 6.62%, which compares favourably with the P25 DSSCs (6.97%) and is much higher than that of the SnO 2 (1.04%) or Zn 2SnO 4 (3.7%)-based DSSCs. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Dou X, Mathews N, Wang Q, Pramana SS, Lam YM, Mhaisalkar S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Nanoscale

Year: 2011

Volume: 3

Issue: 11

Pages: 4640-4646

Print publication date: 01/11/2011

Online publication date: 10/10/2011

ISSN (print): 2040-3364

ISSN (electronic): 2040-3372

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry


DOI: 10.1039/c1nr11083g

PubMed id: 21987215


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