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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the context of RASopathies

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Julie Irving

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Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS.Noonan syndrome is associated with a range of malignancies including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, little information is available regarding the frequency, natural history, characteristics and prognosis of ALL in Noonan syndrome or RASopathies in general. Cross-referencing data from a large prospective cohort of 1176 patients having a molecularly confirmed RASopathy with data from the French childhood cancer registry allowed us to identify ALL in 6 (0.5%) patients including 4/778 (0.5%) with a germline PTPN11 mutation and 2/94 (2.1%) with a germline SOS1 mutation. None of the patients of our series with CFC syndrome (with germline BRAF or MAP2K1/MAP2K2 mutation - n = 121) or Costello syndrome (with HRAS mutation - n = 35) had an ALL. A total of 19 Noonan-ALL were gathered by adding our patients to those of the International Berlin-Munster-Frankfurt (I-BFM) study group and previously reported patients. Strikingly, all Noonan-associated ALL were B-cell precursor ALL, and high hyperdiploidy with more than 50 chromosomes was found in the leukemia cells of 13/17 (76%) patients with available genetics data. Our data suggest that children with Noonan syndrome are at higher risk to develop ALL. Like what is observed for somatic PTPN11 mutations, NS is preferentially associated with the development of hyperdiploid ALL that will usually respond well to chemotherapy. However, Noonan syndrome patients seem to have a propensity to develop post therapy myelodysplasia that can eventually be fatal. Hence, one should be particularly cautious when treating these patients.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Cave H, Caye A, Strullu M, Aladjidi N, Vignal C, Ferster A, Mechinaud F, Domenech C, Pierri F, Contet A, Cacheux V, Irving J, Kratz C, Clavel J, Verloes A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Medical Genetics

Year: 2016

Volume: 59

Issue: 3

Pages: 173-178

Print publication date: 01/03/2016

Online publication date: 05/02/2016

Acceptance date: 13/01/2016

ISSN (print): 1769-7212

ISSN (electronic): 1878-0849

Publisher: Elsevier Masson SAS

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2016.01.003

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2016.01.003


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