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Enhancing frequency response of wind farms using hybrid energy storage systems

Lookup NU author(s): Stalin Muñoz Vaca, Dr Haris Patsios, Professor Phil Taylor



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of a conference proceedings (inc. abstract) that has been published in its final definitive form by Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017.

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© 2016 IEEE. The decarbonisation of electricity networks has led to increasing numbers of renewables in the energy mix. Besides energy generation, large-scale wind generators are now called to provide mandatory frequency response according to several grid regulations. This, however, could impose significant constraints on their operation, reducing the capabilities in power and energy delivery and resulting in loss of profits. Energy storage systems (ESSs) can act as a means to limit these losses and ensure that services are delivered according to network regulations. However, there are many occasions where a single energy storage (ES) technology would fail to be economically viable for this purpose. This paper builds on established techniques for sizing ES to complement wind generators in providing frequency support and introduces considerations for hybrid ES systems (HESSs) comprised of more than one technology. The methodology was applied for a 60 MW wind farm complemented by a Vanadium Redox flow battery (VRFB) and supercapacitors for the provision of Primary, Secondary and High frequency response as defined in United Kingdom (UK) Grid Code, however it is technology-independent and could be used to support various cases. Linear Programming is used for sizing the system and maximizing revenues and three cases are compared i.e. using no storage, using a single ESS and using a HESS respectively. The results confirm that, under certain conditions, the use of a HESS can provide increased revenues for this type of applications.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Vaca SM, Patsios C, Taylor P

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 2016 IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2016

Year of Conference: 2017

Pages: 325-329

Online publication date: 23/03/2017

Acceptance date: 02/04/2016

Date deposited: 22/05/2017

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.


DOI: 10.1109/ICRERA.2016.7884560

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9781509033881