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C-Sync: Counter-based synchronization for duty-cycled wireless sensor networks

Lookup NU author(s): Poh Ng, Professor Charalampos TsimenidisORCiD, Dr Wai Lok Woo



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Different variants of synchronous duty-cycle MAC protocols have been designed for wireless sensor networks to reduce energy consumption. However, the synchronization process of these protocols remains a significant contributor to the energy consumption. In this paper, a new energy-efficient synchronization algorithm referred to as C-Sync is proposed. C-Sync reduces energy consumption by adaptively regulating the synchronization traffic and synchronization wakeup period based on the changing network neighborhood conditions through counter-based and exponential-smoothing algorithms. Extensive simulations of multi-hop multi-neighborhood network scenarios are performed using ns-2. We compare C-Sync with the fixed periodic synchronization (F-Sync) algorithm and the 1-Sync algorithm and show that C-Sync outperforms F-Sync and 1-Sync in energy-efficiency over a wide range of node densities, drift rates and duty cycles.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ng KP, Tsimenidis C, Woo WL

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Ad Hoc Networks

Year: 2017

Volume: 61

Pages: 51-64

Print publication date: 01/06/2017

Online publication date: 20/03/2017

Acceptance date: 18/03/2017

Date deposited: 23/05/2017

ISSN (print): 1570-8705

ISSN (electronic): 1570-8713

Publisher: Elsevier BV


DOI: 10.1016/j.adhoc.2017.03.007


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