Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Connectivity to international markets: A multi-layered network approach

Lookup NU author(s): Agustina Calatayud, Professor D John Mangan, Professor Roberto Palacin



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Improving connectivity for freight movements between countries is increasingly a topic at the centre of the international trade and transport policy agendas. In spite of this, a method to asses a country's degree of connectivity to its international markets for freight is still missing. To close this gap, this paper proposes a multi-layered network approach that enables the assessment of: (i) the different factors that influence connectivity to international markets; and (ii) the extent to which a country's connections matter for its international trade activities. The international trade network and its ‘support network’ are analysed using network theory. The approach proposed is applied to the Americas, a region the relevant literature has not specifically focused on yet. It is expected that a comprehensive understanding and assessment of the determinants of connectivity for freight will contribute to guide and design more effective policies to remove barriers to international trade flows.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Calatayud A, Mangan J, Palacin R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Transport Geography

Year: 2017

Volume: 61

Pages: 61-71

Print publication date: 01/05/2017

Online publication date: 05/05/2017

Acceptance date: 20/04/2017

Date deposited: 01/06/2017

ISSN (print): 0966-6923

ISSN (electronic): 1873-1236

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.04.006


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric