Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Dr Agnieszka Pazderska,
Professor Simon Pearce
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
© Royal College of Physicians 2017. All rights reserved. Adrenal insufficiency is characterised by inadequate glucocorticoid production owing to destruction of the adrenal cortex or lack of adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation. In primary adrenal insufficiency, lack of mineralocorticoids is also a feature. Patients can present with an insidious onset of symptoms, or acutely in adrenal crisis, which requires prompt recognition and treatment. Chronic glucocorticoid therapy is the most common cause of adrenal insufficiency. The diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency is made by demonstrating low basal and/or stimulated serum cortisol and should be followed by appropriate investigations to establish the underlying aetiology. Maintenance glucocorticoid replacement is usually given as a twice or thrice daily hydrocortisone preparation. Patients with primary adrenal insufficiency also require mineralocorticoid. Regular monitoring for features of under-and over - replacement is essential during follow-up. Patient education is a key feature of management of this condition.
Author(s): Pazderska A, Pearce SHS
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Clinical Medicine
Print publication date: 01/06/2017
Acceptance date: 02/04/2016
ISSN (print): 1470-2118
ISSN (electronic): 1473-4893
Publisher: Royal College of Physicians
URL: https://doi.org/ 10.7861/clinmedicine.17-3-258
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric