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Comparative study of combustion and emissions of kerosene (RP-3), kerosene-pentanol blends and diesel in a compression ignition engine

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Yiji LuORCiD, Professor Tony Roskilly



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Aviation Piston Engines for small general aviation aircrafts are currently facing a transition from being powered by AVGAS (aviation gasoline) to being powered by heavy fuels (diesel or kerosene). The present study compared the combustion and emission characteristics of diesel, aviation kerosene rocket propellant 3 (RP-3) and RP-3-pentanol blends in a single cylinder compression ignition (CI) engine. Heat release rate, indicated thermal efficiency, ignition delay, combustion duration, and coefficient of variation (COV) of indicated mean effective pressure were experimentally determined to reflect the engine combustion performance. The results demonstrated the feasibility of RP-3 and its mild pentanol blend (20% by volume) in modern CI engines whilst further optimisation of the injection strategy is needed if a higher ratio of pentanol (40% by volume) is used. The discrepancy in terms of combustion and emissions between diesel, RP-3 and its pentanol blends are appreciable, especially for ignition delay, combustion duration and soot emissions. Compared with diesel, RP-3 improved the indicated thermal efficiency by 1.4–12.4%, but pentanol addition decreased that by 1–6.5%. RP-3 and its pentanol blends reduced the soot emissions by nearly an order of magnitude at high engine loads compared with diesel without evident impact on nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. Meanwhile, Carbon monoxide (CO) and total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions of RP-3 and its pentanol blends experienced a significant increase at low loads, but CO showed a slight decrease at high loads.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Chen LF, Ding SR, Liu HY, Lu YJ, Li YF, Roskilly AP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Applied Energy

Year: 2017

Volume: 203

Pages: 91-100

Print publication date: 01/10/2017

Online publication date: 17/06/2017

Acceptance date: 12/06/2017

Date deposited: 21/06/2017

ISSN (print): 0306-2619

ISSN (electronic): 1872-9118

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.06.036


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