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Self-reported sleep duration and napping, cardiac risk factors and markers of subclinical vascular disease: Cross-sectional study in older men

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Sheena Ramsay



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2017 Article author(s). Studyobjectives Daytime sleep has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and heart failure (HF), but the mechanisms remain unclear. We have investigated the association between daytime and night-time sleep patterns and cardiovascular risk markers in older adults including cardiac markers and subclinical markers of atherosclerosis (arterial stiffness and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)). Methods Cross-sectional study of 1722 surviving men aged 71-92 examined in 2010-2012 across 24 British towns from a prospective study initiated in 1978-1980. Participants completed a questionnaire and were invited for a physical examination. Men with a history of heart attack or HF (n=251) were excluded from the analysis. Results Self-reported daytime sleep duration was associated with higher fasting glucose and insulin levels (p=0.02 and p=0.01, respectively) even after adjustment for age, body mass index, physical activity and social class. Compared with those with no daytime sleep, men with daytime sleep >1 hour, defined as excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), had a higher risk of raised N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide of ≥400 pg/mL, the diagnostic threshold for HF (OR (95% CI)=1.88 (1.15 to 3.1)), higher mean troponin, reduced lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 s) and elevated von Willebrand factor, a marker of endothelial dysfunction. However, EDS was unrelated to CIMT and arterial stiffness. By contrast, night-time sleep was only associated with HbA1c (short or long sleep) and arterial stiffness (short sleep). Conclusions Daytime sleep duration of >1 hour may be an early indicator of HF.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zonoozi S, Ramsay SE, Papacosta O, Lennon L, Ellins EA, Halcox JPJ, Whincup PH, Wannamethee SG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: BMJ Open

Year: 2017

Volume: 7

Issue: 6

Print publication date: 01/06/2017

Online publication date: 02/07/2017

Acceptance date: 10/05/2017

Date deposited: 27/07/2017

ISSN (electronic): 2044-6055

Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group


DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016396


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