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Presenting ADAMTS13 antibody and antigen levels predict prognosis in immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Tina Biss

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Abstract

© 2017 by The American Society of Hematology. Immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disorder caused by antibodies against ADAMTS13. From the United Kingdom TTP registry, we undertook a prospective study investigating the impact of the presenting anti-ADAMTS13 IgG antibody and ADAMTS13 antigen on mortality. A total of 312 episodes involving 292 patients over 87 months were included; 68% were female, median age 46 (range, 11-88 years), and median presenting ADAMTS13 of <5% (range, <5%-18%). The mortality rate was 10.3% (n 5 32); 68% of patients had a raised troponin at presentation conferring a sixfold increase in mortality compared with those with normal troponin levels (12.1% vs 2.0%, P 5 .04). Twenty-four percent had a reduced Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) at presentation with a ninefold increase in mortality (20% vs 2.2% for normal GCS at presentation, P < .0001). Mortality increased with higher anti-ADAMTS13 antibody levels and lower ADAMTS13 antigen levels. Those with antibody levels in the upper quartile (antibody >77%) had a mortality of 16.9% compared with 5.0% for the lowest quartile (antibody <20%) (P 5 .004). Those with an antigen level in the lowest quartile (antigen <1.5%) had a mortality of 18% compared with 3.8% for the highest quartile (antigen >11%) (P 5 .005). The synergistic effect of anti-ADAMTS13 IgG antibody in the upper quartile and ADAMTS13 antigen in the lowest quartile had the highest mortality of 27.3%. We conclude that both anti-ADAMTS13 IgG antibody and ADAMTS13 antigen levels correlate with outcome in TTP with increased cardiac and neurological involvement and increased mortality.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Alwan F, Vendramin C, Vanhoorelbeke K, Langley K, McDonald V, Austin S, Clark A, Lester W, Gooding R, Biss T, Dutt T, Cooper N, Chapman O, Cranfield T, Douglas K, Watson HG, Van Veen JJ, Sibson K, Thomas W, Manson L, Hill QA, Benjamin S, Ellis D, Westwood J-P, Thomas M, Scully M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Blood

Year: 2017

Volume: 130

Issue: 4

Pages: 466-471

Print publication date: 27/07/2017

Online publication date: 27/07/2017

Acceptance date: 02/05/2017

ISSN (print): 0006-4971

ISSN (electronic): 1528-0020

Publisher: American Society of Hematology

URL: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2016-12-758656

DOI: 10.1182/blood-2016-12-758656


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