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National but European? Visual manifestations of Europe in national parties’ Euromanifestos since 1979

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sebastian Popa



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


The architects of the European project made a significant effort to create a set of symbols for the community (such as the EU flag, the map of Europe, the anthem, etc.), and recent evidence suggests that the main European values are nowadays spontaneously associated with them. We know little, however, about if and when national political actors choose to display these symbolic visual manifestations of Europe. In this study, we examine the presence of such symbols in parties’ Euromanifestos since the first European elections. The presence of EU community symbols is correlated with several factors, suggesting that the display is consistent both with a policy-driven and with a vote-seeking logic. We explore at length the implications of these results for future visual analysis of parties’ European messages and for the larger issue of European identity.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Popa SA, Dumitrescu D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Party Politics

Year: 2017

Volume: 23

Issue: 5

Pages: 526-537

Print publication date: 01/09/2017

Online publication date: 16/10/2015

Acceptance date: 06/04/2015

Date deposited: 06/12/2017

ISSN (print): 1354-0688

ISSN (electronic): 1460-3683

Publisher: Sage


DOI: 10.1177/1354068815610963


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