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Modelling the non-linear site response at the LSST down-hole accelerometer array in Lotung

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Gaetano EliaORCiD, Dr Mohamed Rouainia, Dimitrios Karofyllakis, Yusuf Guzel



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Down-hole array observations are extremely useful to investigate site amplification effects and to validate numerical modelling techniques for site response. In this paper the ground response of the Lotung experiment site (Taiwan), measured along a down-hole accelerometer array during a weak and a strong motion event, is simulated using different numerical techniques of increasing level of complexity: 1) a simple equivalent-linear visco-elastic procedure, 2) a total stress time-domain scheme using a pressure-dependent hyperbolic model and 3) a fully-coupled approach implementing an advanced elasto-plastic soil model. The numerical models are calibrated against resonant column data and in-situ cross-hole measurements. The two horizontal components of the input motion are applied separately at bedrock level. The results of the simple and advanced numerical simulations are compared with the down-hole motions recorded in-situ during the investigated seismic events in terms of acceleration time histories and response spectra. The comparison between in-situ measurements and predicted results highlights the well-known limitations of the frequency-domain technique. It also shows some improved predictive capabilities of the total stress time-domain scheme and demonstrates the excellent performance of the fully-coupled advanced non-linear approach.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Elia G, Rouainia M, Karofyllakis D, Guzel Y

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

Year: 2017

Volume: 102

Pages: 1-14

Print publication date: 30/11/2017

Online publication date: 29/08/2017

Acceptance date: 10/09/2017

Date deposited: 29/09/2017

ISSN (print): 0267-7261

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2017.08.007


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