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Assessment of thermal comfort and passive design strategies in Millennium Schools in Ecuador

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Neveen Hamza



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


The Ecuadorian government embarked on the Millennium Schools programme (UEM) to benefit the poorest areas of the country, providing them free access to education. The program is underpinned by intentions to promote healthier educational environments. Disregarding the three variations of climatic regions in the country, prototype designs are adopted for the ease of using off-site prefabricated elements, optimizing construction time, and lowering construction costs.This study uses subjective surveys to determine the desired conditions in classrooms before implementing passive strategies; and, aims to increase thermal comfort hours while decreasing energy consumption. The surveys interestingly show that perceptions of thermal comfort differ from published standards and can be influenced by other perceptions regarding the space quality. Two UEMs located in Babahoyo and Quito, Coast and Andean region respectively, were selected for conducting the surveys and monitoring indoor conditions to validate a simulation model. Building dynamic simulation modelling is used to test the thermal performance and the efficiency of architectural passive strategies. The prototype buildings are capable of maintaining thermal comfort conditions on an average 70% in Quito, and 64% in Babahoyo of occupancy hours respectively. Using optimum architectural parameters, thermal comfort can increase to 95% in Quito and 80% in Babahoyo.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ledisma G, Hamza N

Editor(s): Roaf S

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 33rd International Conference Passive Low Energy Architecture PLEA 2017

Year of Conference: 2017

Number of Volumes: 3

Pages: 764-771

Print publication date: 09/10/2017

Acceptance date: 06/07/2017

Date deposited: 12/10/2017

Publisher: Network for comfort and Energy Use in Buildings (NCEUB)


Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

Series Editor(s): Brotas L; Roaf S; Nicol F

ISBN: 9780992895754