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Smoking cessation and outcome after ischemic stroke or TIA

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Anand Dixit

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Abstract

© 2017 American Academy of Neurology Objective: To assess whether smoking cessation after an ischemic stroke or TIA improves outcomes compared to continued smoking. Methods: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of 3,876 nondiabetic men and women enrolled in the Insulin Resistance Intervention After Stroke (IRIS) trial who were randomized to pioglitazone or placebo within 180 days of a qualifying stroke or TIA and followed up for a median of 4.8 years. A tobacco use history was obtained at baseline and updated during annual interviews. The primary outcome, which was not prespecified in the IRIS protocol, was recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or death. Cox regression models were used to assess the differences in stroke, MI, and death after 4.8 years, with correction for adjustment variables prespecified in the IRIS trial: age, sex, stroke (vs TIA) as index event, history of stroke, history of hypertension, history of coronary artery disease, and systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Results: At the time of their index event, 1,072 (28%) patients were current smokers. By the time of randomization, 450 (42%) patients had quit smoking. Among quitters, the 5-year risk of stroke, MI, or death was 15.7% compared to 22.6% for patients who continued to smoke (adjusted hazard ratio 0.66, 95% confidence interval 0.48–0.90). Conclusion: Cessation of cigarette smoking after an ischemic stroke or TIA was associated with significant health benefits over 4.8 years in the IRIS trial cohort.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Epstein KA, Viscoli CM, Spence JD, Young LH, Inzucchi SE, Gorman M, Gerstenhaber B, Guarino PD, Dixit A, Furie KL, Kernan WN, For the IRIS Trial Investigators

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Neurology

Year: 2017

Volume: 89

Issue: 16

Pages: 1723-1729

Print publication date: 17/10/2017

Online publication date: 08/09/2017

Acceptance date: 14/07/2017

ISSN (print): 0028-3878

ISSN (electronic): 1526-632X

Publisher: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

URL: https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000004524

DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000004524

PubMed id: 28887378


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