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Comparison of building performance between Conventional House and Passive House in the UK

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Yaodong WangORCiD, Dr Mohammad Royapoor, Professor Tony Roskilly



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


The building performance monitored over one year of a Conventional House and a Passive House in North East England is presented in this paper. These two houses which differ in building fabric, the type of ventilation and thermal storage, the use of different energy and residents’ occupancy result in distinct building energy performance and indoor air quality. According to the measurement data, the primary energy demand of the Conventional House and Passive House were 169.85 kWh/(m2a) and 64.11 kWh/(m2a) while the annual average indoor temperature of the two properties maintained at 17.7°C and 22.0°C, respectively. A simulation study was conducted by DesignBuilder software to improve the Conventional House’s energy and indoor environmental performance using passive retrofitting methods, aiming to reduce the primary energy demand, the space heating demand of the property and enhance its general indoor air environmental performance. The DesignBuilder models were validated by monitored data and used to predict the performance of the Conventional House after retrofitting, and then compared it with the Passive House. The results indicate the reduction of space heating demand is by about 80% compared to its current status. The findings showed that there was a huge potential for conventional house retrofitting using passive energy saving methods in northern England.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Liang X, Wang YD, Royapoor M, Wu QB, Roskilly AP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Energy Procedia

Year: 2018

Volume: 142

Pages: 1823-1828

Online publication date: 31/01/2018

Acceptance date: 21/07/2017

Date deposited: 09/11/2017

ISSN (electronic): 1876-6102

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.570

Notes: 9th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE2017, 21-24 August 2017, Cardiff, UK


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