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Liver unit admission following paracetamol overdose with concentrations below current UK treatment thresholds

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mark Hudson, Professor Simon Thomas

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Abstract

Background: It has been suggested that current United Kingdom thresholds for treating paracetamol overdose should be reduced, following case reports of patients developing fatal liver failure having presented with paracetamol concentrations below these thresholds. Aim. To determine the frequency of severe liver dysfunction following paracetamol overdose when paracetamol concentrations are below current UK antidote thresholds Design: Retrospective case note review. Methods: Details were collected from all patients admitted to liver transplant units in Newcastle and Edinburgh with paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity. Results: Of 696 patients admitted to the two liver units following paracetamol overdose, 14 presented between 4 and 15 h after overdose with paracetamol concentrations below current UK treatment thresholds (estimated annual population rate 0.15 / million person years). Over the period of study > 100,000 presentations with paracetamol overdose would be expected in the catchment populations for these liver units. Conclusions: In view of the rarity of this event, this research does not suggest a need to lower current thresholds for antidotal treatment.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Beer C, Pakravan K, Hudson M, Smith LT, Simpson K, Bateman DN, Thomas SHL

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Quarterly Journal of Medicine

Year: 2007

Volume: 100

Issue: 2

Pages: 93-96

ISSN (print): 1460-2725

ISSN (electronic): 1460-2725

Publisher: Oxford University Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcm003

DOI: 10.1093/qjmed/hcm003


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