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A report on the clinical-pathological correlations of 788 gingival lesion

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Marco Carrozzo



© Medicina Oral S. L. C.I.F. Background: The diagnosis and treatment of a variety of non-plaque related gingival diseases have become an integrated aspect of everyday dentistry. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between clinical appearance and histopathological features of gingival lesions in a large Northern Italian population. Material and Methods: A retrospective study of 788 cases of gingival and alveolar mucosal biopsies was set up. Statistical analysis was performed by calculating the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (C.I.), in order to assess the degree of association between the clinical parameters considered (primary lesions) and the single pathologies, statistically evaluated by Mantel-Haenszel tests. The correlation between clinical and histological diagnosis was classified as follow: 1) expected data (ED): provisional clinical diagnosis; 2) real data (RD): final histopathology diagnosis; 3) concordant data (CD): correspondence between the expected data and real data. The correlation was calculated as follow: CC (complete concordance) = CD x 100/ED, this expressing the percentage in which the clinical and the histological diagnosis overlapped. Results: The most frequently observed and biopsied primary lesions resulted to be exophytic, followed by mucosal colour changes and finally by losses of substance. The statistically significant association between primary lesion and their manifestation in gingival pathologies was reported. Volume increases, for instance, were positively correlated to plasma cell epulis, pyogenic granuloma, fibrous reactive hyperplasia and hemangioma. Verrucous-papillary lesions were most often seen in verrucous carcinoma, verrucous leukoplakia and mild dysplasia. White lesion resulted to be related to leukoplakia or oral lichen planus. Red lesions resulted to be related only oral lichen planus. Erosive vesicle-bullous lesions were linked to disimmune pathologies. Ulcerative lesions were positively associated to oral squamous cell cancer. Finally, potentially malignant disorders have the most percentage high concordance. Among the malignant lesions, the correlation increased up to the squamous cell carcinoma and leukaemia. Conclusions: This article presented the frequency and the clinico-pathological concordance of all primary lesions and the histopathological diagnosis of gingival lesions. For every primary lesion, it is possible to correlate a specific histopathological diagnosis in a statistical manner. This can be a valuable aid for not specialist clinicians who daily observe mucosae and have the opportunity to intercept major diseases.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Gambino A, Carbone M, Broccoletti R, Carcieri P, Conrotto D, Carrozzo M, Arduino PG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal

Year: 2017

Volume: 22

Issue: 6

Pages: e686-e693

Print publication date: 01/11/2017

Acceptance date: 06/09/2017

Date deposited: 15/01/2018

ISSN (print): 1698-4447

ISSN (electronic): 1698-6946

Publisher: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal


DOI: 10.4317/medoral.21845


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