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Opportunities for process intensification in the UK water industry: A review

Lookup NU author(s): Thea Coward, Professor Adam Harvey



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Process Intensification (PI) refers to the use of novel process technologies to achieve significant (order of magnitude) size reduction in individual unit operations, or the complete removal of process steps by performing multiple functions in fewer steps. This should lead to significant reductions in capital and running costs, and improvements in process efficiency and safety. There are numerous examples of PI being successfully implemented in the oil and gas, pharmaceutical, food and drink, and fine chemical industries, but few in the water industry. There are however a range of drivers for process intensification within the water industry. These include ever more stringent environmental standards and more intractable pollutants. The aim of this review was to identify PI technologies that could be used in the future UK water industry, but require further technical development (to increase their TRL), or transfer from other industries. Recommendations for technologies are given, as well as routes to their implementation.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Coward T, Tribe H, Harvey AP

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Water Process Engineering

Year: 2018

Volume: 21

Pages: 116-126

Print publication date: 01/02/2018

Online publication date: 16/12/2017

Acceptance date: 12/11/2017

ISSN (electronic): 2214-7144

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.11.010