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Capacitor Voltage Estimation Scheme with Reduced Number of Sensors for Modular Multilevel Converters

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Osama AbushafaORCiD, Dr Shady Gadoue, Dr Mohamed Dahidah, Dr Dave Atkinson, Dr Petros Missailidis



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by IEEE, 2018.

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This paper presents a new method to measure the voltage across the submodule (SM) capacitors in a modular multilevel converter (MMC). The proposed technique requires only one voltage sensor per arm. This reduces the number of sensors required compared to conventional sensor-based methods. Therefore, the cost and complexity of the system are reduced, which in turn improves the converter’s overall reliability. The proposed method employs an exponentially weighted recursive least square (ERLS) algorithm to estimate the SM capacitor voltages through the measured total arm voltage and the switching patterns of each SM. There is thus no need for extra sensors to measure these control signals as they are directly provided from the controller. The robustness of the proposed method is confirmed via introducing deviations for the capacitance values, dynamic load changes, DC voltage change and start-up transient condition. Simulation and experimentally validated results based on a single-phase MMC show the effectiveness of the proposed method in both, steady-state and dynamic operations.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Abushafa O, Gadoue S, Dahidah MSA, Atkinson D, Missailidis P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics

Year: 2018

Volume: 6

Issue: 4

Pages: 2086-2097

Print publication date: 01/12/2018

Online publication date: 24/01/2018

Acceptance date: 04/01/2018

Date deposited: 30/01/2018

ISSN (print): 2168-6777

ISSN (electronic): 2168-6785

Publisher: IEEE


DOI: 10.1109/JESTPE.2018.2797245


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