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Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly due to ASPM mutations: An update

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Marta Bertoli


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© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Autosomal recessive microcephaly or microcephaly primary hereditary (MCPH) is a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a reduction in brain volume, indirectly measured by an occipitofrontal circumference (OFC) 2 standard deviations or more below the age- and sex-matched mean (-2SD) at birth and -3SD after 6 months, and leading to intellectual disability of variable severity. The abnormal spindle-like microcephaly gene (ASPM), the human ortholog of the Drosophila melanogaster "abnormal spindle" gene (asp), encodes ASPM, a protein localized at the centrosome of apical neuroprogenitor cells and involved in spindle pole positioning during neurogenesis. Loss-of-function mutations in ASPM cause MCPH5, which affects the majority of all MCPH patients worldwide. Here, we report 47 unpublished patients from 39 families carrying 28 new ASPM mutations, and conduct an exhaustive review of the molecular, clinical, neuroradiological, and neuropsychological features of the 282 families previously reported (with 161 distinct ASPM mutations). Furthermore, we show that ASPM-related microcephaly is not systematically associated with intellectual deficiency and discuss the association between the structural brain defects (strong reduction in cortical volume and surface area) that modify the cortical map of these patients and their cognitive abilities.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Letard P, Drunat S, Vial Y, Duerinckx S, Ernault A, Amram D, Arpin S, Bertoli M, Busa T, Ceulemans B, Desir J, Doco-Fenzy M, Elalaoui SC, Devriendt K, Faivre L, Francannet C, Genevieve D, Gerard M, Gitiaux C, Julia S, Lebon S, Lubala T, Mathieu-Dramard M, Maurey H, Metreau J, Nasserereddine S, Nizon M, Pierquin G, Pouvreau N, Rivier-Ringenbach C, Rossi M, Schaefer E, Sefiani A, Sigaudy S, Sznajer Y, Tunca Y, Guilmin Crepon S, Alberti C, Elmaleh-Berges M, Benzacken B, Wollnick B, Woods CG, Rauch A, Abramowicz M, El Ghouzzi V, Gressens P, Verloes A, Passemard S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Human Mutation

Year: 2018

Volume: 39

Issue: 3

Pages: 319-332

Print publication date: 01/03/2018

Online publication date: 14/12/2017

Acceptance date: 11/12/2017

ISSN (print): 1059-7794

ISSN (electronic): 1098-1004

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.


DOI: 10.1002/humu.23381


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