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Drinking Outcome Expectancies and Normative Perceptions of Students Engaged in University Sport in England

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Helen Wareham


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This study examined whether students engaged in university sport have different drinking outcome expectancies and normative beliefs than students who are not engaged in university sport. A cross-sectional survey of university students in England in 2008–2009 was undertaken. A questionnaire battery, including the Drinking Expectancies Questionnaire (DEQ) and a measure of normative beliefs, was completed by 770 students from seven universities across England. Responses from 638 students who were not abstaining from alcohol were analyzed. Students engaged in university sport have significantly higher drinking expectancies of assertion compared with students not engaged in university sport. Moreover, students engaged in university sport consistently report higher personal alcohol consumption and higher perceptions of consumption in those around them than students not engaged in university sport. Both assertion and the perception that students around them drink heavily provide only a partial explanation for why students engaged in university sport drink more than those not engaged in university sport. Further research is required to identify the reasons for heavy drinking among students involved in university sport in England.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Longstaff F, Heather N, Allsop S, Partington E, Jankowski M, Wareham H, St Clair Gibson A, Partington S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology

Year: 2015

Volume: 9

Issue: 1

Pages: 59-75

Print publication date: 01/03/2015

Acceptance date: 01/01/1900

ISSN (print): 1932-9261

ISSN (electronic): 1932-927X

Publisher: Human Kinetics, Inc.


DOI: 10.1123/jcsp.2015-0005


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