Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Introduction: deinstitutionalisation and the pathways of post-war psychiatry in the western world

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Vicky Long


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


The introduction provides a historical context for the psychiatric deinstitutionalisation that occurred in most Western countries during the second half of the twentieth century. It presents a working definition of deinstitutionalisation, but also teases out some of the nuances connected to the term. The introduction begins by examining the precursors of deinstitutionalisation prior to the Second World War, including the impact of the child guidance and mental hygiene movements, before exploring the impact of the War on psychiatry and ideas about mental health. It then proceeds to analyse the specific triggers of deinstitutionalisation, touching on the intellectual, political, economic, technological and cultural factors that helped to drive the process. The introduction also touches on how deinstitutionalisation varied in different countries, and outlines the ramifications of the process in recent decades. It concludes by summarising the volume’s chapters and reflecting on what can be learned from the legacy of deinstitutionalisation.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kritsotaki D, Long V, Smith M

Editor(s): Kritsotaki, D; Long, V; Smith, M

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Deinstitutionalisation and After. Post-War Psychiatry in the Western World

Year: 2016

Pages: 1-36

Print publication date: 01/12/2016

Online publication date: 01/12/2016

Acceptance date: 01/04/2016

Series Title: Mental Health in Historical Perspective

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan


DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45360-6

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9783319453590