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Role of CO2 in the Conversion of Toluene as a Tar Surrogate in a Nonthermal Plasma Dielectric Barrier Discharge Reactor

Lookup NU author(s): Faisal Saleem, Dr Kui Zhang, Professor Adam Harvey



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by American Chemical Society, 2018.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


© 2018 American Chemical Society. The decomposition of toluene (a model tar compound) in CO2 was investigated at ambient and elevated temperatures in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD). The effects of reaction parameters, such as the residence time (0.47-4.23 s), plasma power (5-40 W), toluene concentration (20-82 g/Nm3), and temperature (20-400 °C), were investigated. The DBD was shown to be an effective technique for tar removal. The percentage removal of tar increased with increasing the plasma power and residence time (to as high as 99% at the residence time of 4.23 s). The maximum selectivity to the two major gaseous products, CO and H2, was 73.5 and 21.9%, respectively. Solid residue formation was also observed inside the reactor. The synergetic effect of the temperature and plasma power was studied. As temperature increased, the decomposition of toluene decreased slightly from 99 to 88% (from ambient to 400 °C at 40 W) and the selectivity of CO and H2 decreased as a result of the increased rate of recombination of CO and O. The selectivity to lower hydrocarbons increased with the temperature.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Saleem F, Zhang K, Harvey A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Energy and Fuels

Year: 2018

Volume: 32

Issue: 4

Pages: 5164-5170

Print publication date: 19/04/2018

Online publication date: 12/03/2018

Acceptance date: 13/02/2018

Date deposited: 01/06/2018

ISSN (print): 0887-0624

ISSN (electronic): 1520-5029

Publisher: American Chemical Society


DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b04070


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