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Why did fewer people change address in England and Wales in the 2000s than in the 1970s? Evidence from an analysis of the ONS Longitudinal Study

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Anthony Champion



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2019.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


The paper explores why internal migration rates fell in England and Wales between1971 to 1981 and 2001 to 2011. It considers all‐address changing rates, short‐distancemigration (address changes involving moves of 10 km or less) and long‐distancemigration (moves of 50 km or more). It does so by using the Blinder–Oaxaca methodto decompose the differences between the 2 time periods into a compositional component(changes in the aggregate migration rate attributable to increases or decreases inmore or less migratory groups of the population) and a rate component—the extent towhich these population groups behave differently in the 2 time periods. The analysisfinds that changing population structure since the 1970s does not fully account forthe observed decreases. Instead, it seems that changed migratory behaviour and inparticular, a large general downward effect that cuts across all population groups arethe most important component. The greater decrease in address changing observedfor all moves and those of less than 10 km (compared with longer distance moves) pointsthe search for further explanations in the direction of factors known to be associatedwith short‐distance moves such as the housing market, and this is identified as anavenue for more research.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Shuttleworth I, Cooke T, Champion T

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Population, Space and Place

Year: 2019

Volume: 25

Issue: 2

Print publication date: 01/03/2019

Online publication date: 03/05/2018

Acceptance date: 29/03/2018

Date deposited: 18/06/2018

ISSN (print): 1544-8444

ISSN (electronic): 1544-8452

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd


DOI: 10.1002/psp.2167


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