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© 2018 Mariusz Kozakiewicz et al. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of a hyperbaric environment alone on the cardiovascular system by ensuring elimination of factors that may mask the effect on hyperbaria. The research was performed in a hyperbaric chamber to eliminate the effect of physical activity and the temperature of the aquatic environment. Biochemical analysis and examination with the Task Force Monitor device were performed before and immediately after exposure. TFM was used for noninvasive examination of the cardiovascular system and the functional evaluation of the autonomic nervous system. Natriuretic peptides were measured as biochemical markers which were involved in the regulation of haemodynamic circulation vasoconstriction (urotensin II). L-arginine acted as a precursor of the level of the nitric oxide whereas angiotensin II and angiotensin (1-7) were involved in cardiac remodeling. The study group is comprised of 18 volunteers who were professional divers of similar age and experience. The results shown in our biochemical studies do not exceed reference ranges but a statistically significant increase indicates the hyperbaric environment is not without impact upon the human body. A decrease in HR, an increase in mBP, dBP, and TPR, and increase in parasympathetic heart nerves activity suggest an increase in heart afterload with a decrease in heart activity within almost one hour after hyperbaric exposure. Results confirm that exposure to a hyperbaric environment has significant impact on the cardiovascular system. This is confirmed both by changes in peptides associated with poorer cardiovascular outcomes, where a significant increase in the studied parameters was observed, and by noninvasive examination.
Author(s): Kozakiewicz M, Slomko J, Buszko K, Sinkiewicz W, Klawe JJ, Tafil-Klawe M, Newton JL, Zalewski P
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Online publication date: 27/05/2018
Acceptance date: 10/05/2018
Date deposited: 26/06/2018
ISSN (print): 1741-427X
ISSN (electronic): 1741-4288
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
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