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Design and characterization of a three-phase brushless exciter for aircraft starter/generator

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Rafal Wrobel


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This paper evaluates a three-phase ac main exciter (ME) for a wound-field synchronous aircraft starter-generator capable of operating in both starting and generating modes. The research has been based around a 225-kVA generator utilizing the existing single-phase ME hardware. Initially, a reconfiguration of the existing single-phase unit into a three-phase one has been carried out. Subsequently, an optimization of the ME stator has been performed. The hardware evaluations have been performed in parallel to the development of design methodologies suitable for future starter/generator design. The three-phase ac ME design needs to satisfy the required current output at both start and generate modes with minimum input voltampere rating of the inverter required to drive the ME. The ME's output capabilities have been predicted in all operating conditions using a computationally efficient combination of 3-D finite-element models together with a lumped-parameter circuit approach. The theoretical findings from the analyses have been validated on a prototype ME, confirming that the three-phase ac ME is capable of generating the required current output in both operating modes. The developed modeling system allowed for the identification of the ME's optimal operating points with regard to the minimum input apparent power (in voltamperes) at the required output power and a methodology for the accurate and computationally efficient evaluation of future starter/generator designs. © 1972-2012 IEEE.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Griffo A, Wrobel R, Mellor PH, Yon JM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications

Year: 2013

Volume: 49

Issue: 5

Pages: 2106-2115

ISSN (print): 0093-9994

ISSN (electronic): 1939-9367

Publisher: IEEE


DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2013.2269036


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