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Design considerations of a brushless open-slot radial-flux PM hub motor

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Rafal Wrobel


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Initial sizing of a brushless radial-flux permanent-magnet (PM) machine is typically based on assumptions regarding the electric and magnetic loadings together with the motor's active volume. Additional design assumptions include the winding current density and magnetic flux density within the core pack. These initial design decisions are crucial as they largely define the resultant electromagnetic and thermal behaviors of the motor. The general rules regarding the choice of the initial design parameters are well known. However, the effects of the initial sizing on the final motor performance are not widely reported. This paper presents an analysis of the design considerations for a brushless open-slot radial-flux PM hub motor. A number of alternative motor designs are compared to demonstrate the effect of the initial design decisions on the final motor performance. Both electromagnetic and thermal aspects of the motor design are considered. The design variants are characterized by the same electric and magnetic loadings together with active volume while the winding rated current density and no-load/open-circuit magnetic flux density within the core pack are varied. The employed sizing methodology combines the classical approach with a nonlinear magnetostatic finite-element solver and an optimization routine. A prototype hub motor has been manufactured to validate the theoretical findings from the design process. The experimental data show good agreement with the theoretical findings. © 2014 IEEE.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Wrobel R, Goss J, Mlot A, Mellor PH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications

Year: 2014

Volume: 50

Issue: 3

Pages: 1757-1767

Print publication date: 01/05/2014

Online publication date: 02/10/2013

Acceptance date: 09/09/2013

ISSN (print): 0093-9994

ISSN (electronic): 1939-9367

Publisher: IEEE


DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2013.2284298


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