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Insights from stable S and O isotopes into biogeochemical processes and genesis of Lower Cambrian barite-pyrite concretions of South China

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Tatiana Goldberg


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Pyrite bearing barite concretions are abundant in black shales of the Early Cambrian Niutitang Formation in China. Barite in these concretions exhibits greatly elevated d34S and d18O values, averaging 685‰ and 201‰, respectively. Such high values indicate precipitation of barite during diagenesis at an advanced stage of bacterial sulphate reduction forming at the “barite front”. Pyrite sulphur has a relatively constant isotopic composition of ~10‰ in both concretions and host rock and likely formed prior to barite. Fluctuating methane flux into the zone of anaerobic methane oxidation led to the consumption of sulphate and release of barium into higher sediment layers. During radial concretion growth Ba2+ interacted with SO42- bearing fluids of various concentrations and isotopic compositions over a prolonged period, resulting in a lack of any systematic correlation between sulphate d34S and d18O values throughout the concretion.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Goldberg T, Mazumdar A, Strauss H, Shields GA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Organic Geochemistry

Year: 2006

Volume: 37

Issue: 10

Pages: 1278-1288

ISSN (print): 0146-6380

ISSN (electronic): 1873-5290

Publisher: Pergamon


DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2006.04.013


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