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Lookup NU author(s): Monique Zangarini,
Professor Gareth Veal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
© 2018 The Author(s). Objective: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are aggressive sarcomas characterized by high recurrence rates and early metastases. These tumors arise more frequently within neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and present with resistance during standard chemotherapy leading to increased mortality and morbidity in those patients. In vitro all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and MEK inhibitors (MEKi) were shown to inhibit tumor proliferation, especially when applied in combination. Therefore, we established a nude mouse model to investigate if treatment of xenografts derived from NF1 associated S462 and T265 MPNST cells respond to ATRA and the MEKi PD0325901. Results: We demonstrated that human NF1 associated MPNST derived from S462 but not T265 cells form solid subcutaneous tumors in Foxn1 nude mice but not in Balb/c, SHO or Shorn mice. We verified a characteristic staining pattern of human MPNST xenografts by immunohistochemistry. Therapeutic effects of ATRA and/or MEKi PD0325901 on growth of S462 MPNST xenografts in Foxn1 nude mice were not demonstrated in vitro, as we did not observe significant suppression of MPNST growth compared with placebo treatment.
Author(s): Fischer-Huchzermeyer S, Chikobava L, Stahn V, Zangarini M, Berry P, Veal GJ, Senner V, Mautner VF, Harder A
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: BMC Research Notes
Online publication date: 28/07/2018
Acceptance date: 20/07/2018
Date deposited: 13/08/2018
ISSN (electronic): 1756-0500
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
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