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What drives rural out-migration? Insights from Kosovo

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Matthew GortonORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Taylor and Francis, 2019.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


Drawing on household, network and relative deprivation models of migration, this paper empirically tests the probability to migrate utilising data for agricultural households in Kosovo (circa 13,500 observations). We identify the determinants of the propensity to migrate and length of migration in the previous year, considering gender related differences. The results reveal the significance of household / personal characteristics, farm characteristics, and network effects on the propensity to migrate and length of migration in the previous year. However, we find no significant effect of relative deprivation on the propensity to migrate and length of migration. While education has a strong, positive effect on migration by women, this is not the case for men. Unprofitability and a lack of inputs, manpower and equipment, causing farmland to be left uncultivated, also stimulate out-migration.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sauer J, Gorton M, Davidova S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Post-Communist Economies

Year: 2019

Volume: 31

Issue: 2

Pages: 200-217

Online publication date: 30/11/2018

Acceptance date: 27/07/2018

Date deposited: 13/08/2018

ISSN (print): 1463-1377

ISSN (electronic): 1465-3958

Publisher: Taylor and Francis


DOI: 10.1080/14631377.2018.1506623


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