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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Rachel Franklin
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Although population increase and the continued rapid pace of urbanization remain important topics at the global and regional levels, in many places attention has now shifted to the causes and impacts of population decline. This is certainly the case in the United States, where urban decline or shrinkage is much studied, particularly by urban planners. The U.S. presents an interesting case, however, in that urban population decline is occurring within a broader context of growth. Moreover, many cities continue to grow and thrive and, indeed, city life is “where it’s at” these days. In this chapter, I consider the case of decline over the past decade, but take an approach that compares shrinking cities to those that are growing. Two aspects of population change in particular are addressed. First and foremost, what can be said about the demographic factors – births, deaths, and migration – driving population change? Are there demographic commonalities that can be discerned across growing cities? Shrinking cities? Second, what is the macro- and micro-level landscape of change that has occurred in growing and shrinking cities? Aside from regional location, are there general spatial patterns that internally differentiate the two types of places? The temporal focus is on population change over the past decade, 2000-2009 in the U.S., while the geographic level of analysis is at the county and metropolitan statistical area levels.
Author(s): Franklin RS
Publication type: Book Chapter
Publication status: Published
Book Title: Shrinking Cities: A Global Perspective
Print publication date: 03/04/2014
Acceptance date: 10/08/2013
Series Title: Regions and Cities
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