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The Landscape of Population Decline in the United States: Considering the roles of the demographic components of change and geography

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Rachel Franklin

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Abstract

Although population increase and the continued rapid pace of urbanization remain important topics at the global and regional levels, in many places attention has now shifted to the causes and impacts of population decline. This is certainly the case in the United States, where urban decline or shrinkage is much studied, particularly by urban planners. The U.S. presents an interesting case, however, in that urban population decline is occurring within a broader context of growth. Moreover, many cities continue to grow and thrive and, indeed, city life is “where it’s at” these days. In this chapter, I consider the case of decline over the past decade, but take an approach that compares shrinking cities to those that are growing. Two aspects of population change in particular are addressed. First and foremost, what can be said about the demographic factors – births, deaths, and migration – driving population change? Are there demographic commonalities that can be discerned across growing cities? Shrinking cities? Second, what is the macro- and micro-level landscape of change that has occurred in growing and shrinking cities? Aside from regional location, are there general spatial patterns that internally differentiate the two types of places? The temporal focus is on population change over the past decade, 2000-2009 in the U.S., while the geographic level of analysis is at the county and metropolitan statistical area levels.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Franklin RS

Editor(s): Richardson,HW;Nam,CW

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Shrinking Cities: A Global Perspective

Year: 2014

Pages: 74-85

Print publication date: 03/04/2014

Acceptance date: 10/08/2013

Series Title: Regions and Cities

Publisher: Routledge

URL: https://www.routledge.com/Shrinking-Cities-A-Global-Perspective/Richardson-Nam/p/book/9780415643962

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9780415643955


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