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Prevalence and characteristics of multi-modal hallucinations in people with psychosis who experience visual hallucinations

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Rob DudleyORCiD, Charlotte Aynsworth, Daniel Collerton


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© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Hallucinations can occur in single or multiple sensory modalities. Historically, greater attention has been paid to single sensory modality experiences with a comparative neglect of hallucinations that occur across two or more sensory modalities (multi-modal hallucinations). With growing evidence suggesting that visual hallucinations may be experienced along with other hallucinations, this study aimed to explore multi-modal hallucinations in a sample of people with psychotic disorders who reported visual hallucinations (n = 22). No participants reported just visual hallucinations i.e. all reported related or unrelated auditory hallucinations. Twenty-one participants reported multi-modal hallucinations that were serial in nature, whereby they saw visual hallucinations and heard unrelated auditory hallucinations at other times. Nineteen people out of the twenty two also reported simultaneous multi-modal hallucinations, with the most common being an image that talked to and touched them. Multi-modal related and simultaneous hallucinations appeared to be associated with greater conviction that the experiences were real, and greater distress. Theoretical and clinical implications of multi-modal hallucinations are discussed.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Dudley R, Aynsworth C, Cheetham R, McCarthy-Jones S, Collerton D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Psychiatry Research

Year: 2018

Volume: 269

Pages: 25-30

Print publication date: 01/11/2018

Online publication date: 13/08/2018

Acceptance date: 12/08/2018

ISSN (print): 0165-1781

ISSN (electronic): 1872-7123

Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.08.032


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