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Fertility induction in hypogonadotropic hypogonadal men

Lookup NU author(s): Matthew Prior, Dr Jane Stewart, Kevin McEleny, Dr Richard Quinton

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Abstract

© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) are typically azoospermic, and yet HH is one of the few treatable forms of male infertility. Sperm induction protocols using gonadotrophins aim to replicate the natural endocrine control of spermatogenesis. Previously virilised men with adult-onset HH and normal testicular volume respond well to monotherapy in which human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) acts as a long-acting LH-analogue stimulating spermatogenesis. However, this approach is rarely successful for men with congenital HH (CHH) (eg, Kallmann syndrome), for whom combined gonadotrophin therapy (hCG + follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH]) is an absolute requirement to maximise fertility potential. Key baseline predictors of successful spermatogenesis-induction include prior spontaneous testicular development (ie, testicular volume [TV] > 4 mL), serum inhibin B (IB) concentration >60 pg/mL and no history of maldescended testes (cryptorchidism).


Publication metadata

Author(s): Prior M, Stewart J, McEleny K, Dwyer AA, Quinton R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Endocrinology

Year: 2018

Volume: 89

Issue: 6

Pages: 712-718

Print publication date: 01/12/2018

Online publication date: 08/09/2018

Acceptance date: 05/09/2018

ISSN (print): 0300-0664

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2265

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.13850

DOI: 10.1111/cen.13850


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