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Identifying needs-based groupings among people accessing intellectual disability services

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Barry Ingham, Liam Trevithick


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© 2018 American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Allen Press, Inc. There is increasing emphasis on needs-led service provision for people with intellectual disability (ID). This study outlines the statistical cluster analysis of clinical data from 1,692 individuals accessing secondary care ID services in the United Kingdom (U.K.) Using objective needs assessment data from a newly developed ID assessment tool, six clusters were identified. These had clinical face validity and were validated using six concurrently (but independently) rated tools. In keeping with previous studies, the clusters varied in terms of overall level of need as well as specific clinical features (autism spectrum disorder, mental health problems, challenging behaviors and physical health conditions). More work is now needed to further develop these clusters and explore their utility for planning, commissioning and optimizing needs-led services.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Painter J, Ingham B, Trevithick L, Hastings RP, Roy A

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Year: 2018

Volume: 123

Issue: 5

Pages: 426-442

Print publication date: 01/09/2018

Acceptance date: 30/11/2017

ISSN (print): 1944-7515

ISSN (electronic): 1944-7558

Publisher: American Association on Mental Retardation


DOI: 10.1352/1944-7558-123.5.426